In 1888 the Imperial British East Africa Company Every continent in the world has member countries that are part of the British Commonwealth of Nations. Upon much of Ireland gaining independence in 1922 as the Irish Free State, the other territories of the Empire remained under the control of the United Kingdom. See England; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Scotland; United Kingdom; Wales. Several provinces and territories have joined since Confederation. [17], The British Raj, also called the Indian Empire, was the imperial political structure in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947, comprising British India (a Crown colony: presidencies and provinces directly governed by the British Crown through the Viceroy and Governor-General of India) and Princely States, governed by Indian rulers, under the suzerainty of the British Crown exercised through the Viceroy and Governor-General of India.[18]. The United Kingdom is, of course, part of the Commonwealth, as are a few Asian countries and the majority of southern Africa. Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, British Military administration in Cyrenicia & Tripolitania, Presidencies and provinces of British India, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Declaration of Independence of the United States, Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence, Impact of Western European colonialism and colonisation, List of countries that gained independence from the United Kingdom. Dominion status was formally defined in the Balfour Declaration of 1926, which recognised these countries as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", thus acknowledging them as political equals of the United Kingdom; the Statute of Westminster 1931 converted this status into legal reality, making them essentially independent members of what was then called the British Commonwealth. Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands are the only British Overseas Territories with recognised National Olympic Committees (NOCs); the British Olympic Association is recognised as the appropriate NOC for athletes from the other territories, and thus athletes who hold a British passport are eligible to represent Great Britain at the Olympic Games. This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 20:22. The British Commonwealth is an older name with its roots originating back in 1926 when the Commonwealth started forming. The tiny Principality of Monaco has been ruled by the Grimaldi … A protectorate differs from a "protected state". ... but in 1841 New Zealand became a British colony in its own right. A protected state is a territory under a foreign ruler which enjoys British protection, over whose foreign affairs she exercises control, but in respect of whose internal affairs she does not exercise jurisdiction. The only country in South America that is part of the British Commonwealth is Guyana in the continent's northern region. [7] Later as the white colonies gained more internal responsible government, the lower house began to supersede the (usually unelected) upper house as the colonial legislature, and the position of Premier emerged. These were all places Britain wanted to dominate for access to goods such as rubber, salt, gold, ivory, and other natural products. The British monarch is also Head of the Commonwealth, but this is a purely symbolic and personal title; members of the Commonwealth (including the Commonwealth realms) are fully sovereign states. They held a consultative position, however, and did not serve in administrative offices as cabinet ministers do. Since land ownership was widespread, most white men could vote. [2], Dominions were semi-independent polities that were nominally under the Crown, constituting the British Empire and British Commonwealth, beginning in the later part of the 19th century. In addition to the areas formally under the sovereignty of the British monarch, various "foreign" territories were controlled as protectorates; territories transferred to British administration under the authority of the League of Nations or the United Nations; and miscellaneous other territories, such as the condominium of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. In 1905, the colonial government divided Bengal into Hindu and Muslim sections; this … From there, the British Commonwealth started going by the Commonwealth of Nations, and you will commonly see it shortened as the Commonwealth. The British Empire held Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, Fiji, Western Samoa, India, Burma, Papa New Guinea, Malaya, Sarawak, Brunei, Oman, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Mauritius, the Maldives, South Africa, Swaziland, Nigeria, Gold Coast, and Sierra Leone, among other countries during its reign. Out of all fifty-three countries, India's population accounts for most of the Commonwealth's total population. These countries are known as the “Commonwealth of Nations”. Most of these countries used to be territories of the British Empire. It is an island, so it is well protected, having a water barrier, and on top of that was the dominant navy force for most of the time. There are 195 countries in this world and there are only few countries that are never ruled by the British Empire.British is the only one country who take over more countries all over the world.British Empire take over all over the world except only 22 countries. There were so many additions, alterations, and revisions to the Commonwealth of Nations until 1949. The British Empire was composed of the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. Independent again but in personal union with England, Formal name changed from "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland" to "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland", Annexed into England by Act of English Parliament, Devolved National Assembly established (renamed to, Part of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, Crown colony (with the same Governor of the Tuvalu colony), Colony administered with the same Governor of, Great Britain formally recognises the independence of the United States. In a charter colony, the King granted a charter to the colonial government establishing the rules under which the colony was to be governed and charter colonies elected their own governors based on rules spelled out in the charter or other colonial legislation. No uniform system of government was applied to any of these. End of the, Ireland unites with Great Britain to form the, Joint British-Egyptian condominium established over, Cyprus (Annexation) Order in Council 1914, Financial difficulties result in Newfoundland losing its status as a dominion, Australia adopts the Statute of Westminster, backdated to 1939, New Zealand adopts the Statute of Westminster, Newfoundland becomes a province of Canada, The status of "colony" is renamed "dependent territory", Hong Kong is transferred to the People's Republic of China, The status of "British Dependent Territory" is renamed "British Overseas Territory", Queen Elizabeth II first monarch to be titled Queen of Canada (accession to the throne of Canada in 1952). The nature of the territories (and peoples) ruled as part of the British Empire varied enormously. The big boys in this political set up would probably be the Sikh rulers in the north west, the Marathas in western and central India, and the Mysore Kingdom of Tipu Sultan. Almost all of the British Overseas Territories are islands (or groups of islands) with a small population; some are in very remote areas of the world. Jamaica - Jamaica - British rule: In 1655 a British expedition under Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables captured Jamaica and began expelling the Spanish, a task that was accomplished within five years. Albert II, Prince of Monaco. The current monarch and head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who ascended the throne in 1952. Annexed as the latest territorial addition to the United Kingdom. [8], Charter colony is one of the three classes of colonial government established in the 17th-century English colonies in North America. The territorial evolution of the British Empire is considered to have begun with the foundation of the English colonial empire in the late 16th century. Interestingly enough, most, though not all, of the countries in the British Commonwealth happen to be British colonies. 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